Everything You Need To Know About LASIK Surgery

Everything You Need To Know About LASIK Surgery

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LASIK (Laser in-situ keratomileusis) is a surgical procedure used to treat eye conditions such as the hyperopia, astigmatism, and myopia. Just like many other kinds of refractive surgeries, the LASIK surgery focuses on the cornea to make sure that the light getting into the eye is clearly directed on the retina for a better vision. 

Any LASIK surgery Kansas City MO doctors provide is usually pain-free. It takes about fifteen minutes for the two eyes. Improved vision starts immediately without contact lenses or eyeglasses. Another good thing about this procedure is that the vision continues to stabilize even after few days. 

How is LASIK procedure done? 

A surgeon starts by creating a thing, superficial flap in the cornea of a patient. They normally use an instrument known as the femtosecond laser or microkeratome. The surgeon folds the hinged flap to actually view the underlying cornea commonly known as the stroma. They then extract some corneal tissue with the help of an excimer laser.

This instrument, excimer lasers, forms cool beams of ultraviolet light to extract ablate to help reshape the cornea. This ensures that light getting into the eye focuses on the retina accurately for a better vision. The goal of a surgeon working on a nearsighted person is to make the cornea flatter. When it comes to farsighted individuals, a surgeon ambition will be to steepen the cornea. Excimer lasers have the ability to correct astigmatism by simply smoothening irregular cornea into better shape.

Once the cornea has been brought into the right shape by the laser ablation, the flap is then put back in place. The flap helps cover up the surface, which the tissue has been extracted. It seals the concerned area in the course of the healing process. The topical anesthetic drops are needed in the course of LASIK laser eye operation. Neither bandages nor stitches are required. 

Preparing for the LASIK surgery

Before the commencement of the actual process, your doctor will examine your eye to confirm that you actually qualify for the procedure. The examination will also be done to know if your eyes are healthy and can put up with the procedure. During this procedure, the professionals evaluate the thickness as well as the shape of the cornea. Also, they pay attention to the refractive errors, pupil size, and other related eye conditions.

Your doctor will also evaluate the tear film on the upper part of your eye. A precautionary treatment may be performed to minimize the chances of experiencing dry eyes immediately after LASIK. In most cases, a special instrument known as the corneal topographer is applied to know the actual dimensions of the upper part of your eye, hence creating a map of the eye. Your surgeon may choose to perform many other exams for better results.

Immediately after the LASIK process, your doctor will allow you to take a rest. You may experience temporary itching or burning sensation immediately after the process. Your doctor will then advise you not to drive until your eye recovers fully. Also, you may experience blurry vision as well as haziness after the surgery.